Guqin Performance
鹿鳴
Lù Máng ( Deer Call )

歌辭:
呦呦(yo1)鹿鳴(mang2),食野之苹(pang2)。我有嘉賓(bang1),鼓瑟吹笙(shuang1)。
吹笙鼓簧,承筐(kuang1)是將(jiang1)。人之好(hao3)我,示我周行(hang2)。
呦呦鹿鳴,食野之蒿(hao1)。我有嘉賓,德音孔昭(zhao1)。
視民不恌(tiao1),君子是則是傚(hao4)。我有旨酒,嘉賓式燕(yian4)以敖(ao2)。

呦呦鹿鳴,食野之芩(qin2)。我有嘉賓,鼓瑟鼓琴。
鼓瑟鼓琴,和樂且湛(zhen4)。我有旨酒,以燕(yian4)樂嘉賓之心

Many thanks to my friend Liu Xing-Yi and the corrections from Mr. Ye Shao Guo and Miss Liao Qiu Zhen on the pronounce.
謝謝好友行一及葉紹國,廖秋蓁兩位老師的指正發音.

鹿鳴 解題

理性元雅: 此詩小雅 周王乞言於嘉賓 被之絃徽為燕享通用之樂歌也
今之鹿鳴佳宴 鄉飲酒禮 皆作為聲歌 而絲銅少傳 夫以大典禮而雅樂不傳 非一大缺典乎?
余特編之譜 祈雅音之不廢

理性元雅是明代琴譜 1618 年 張庭玉編 若跟據上述解題 張就古詩"鹿鳴"編了"鹿鳴操"是為回復雅音

另在[琴操] (傳為東漢蔡邕所著)一書中記載
鹿鳴是詩經小雅篇裡的一首詩
周大臣所作 因有感於君王之道衰與志傾 留心聲歌酒色 內顧后妃
設旨酒佳餚 不能厚養賢者
小人在位 周道陵遲 必定是如此而來的
於是彈琴諷諫
鹿鳴這首詩便是諷諫之詩
是說野鹿得美甘之食
尚知相互呼喚來食
可在位之人確不能

For the English translation of this poem [Deer Call] please visit:
http://wengu.tartarie.com/wg/wengu.php?l=Shijing&no=161

The earliest survived guqin piece of [Lù Máng] (Deer Call) is in the Ming dynasty qin book [LĬ Xiǹg Yuán Yă] edited by Zhang Tińg-yù in 1618. According to the footnotes of Zhang, there is this ancient poem but no music, therefore he composed this qin piece [lu mang cao] for the sake of keeping ancient elegant sound.

According to the book [Qin Cao] (possibily compiled by East Han dynasty Cài Yong), it says that this poem was made as a satirical admonition to Zhou (1045 -256 BCE) King. Zhou ministers worried that the monarch is declining due to the king pays too much attention on banquet events, and those empresses and concubines. Therefore, someone composed this ancient poem, deer call, made a qin piece to sing along with and presenting the regrets that when wild deer see delicious food, they call to one another, but the behavior of the incumbent is not even as good as wild animals.

Nowadays people like to play this qin peice to welcome visiting friends and guests.

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Copyright ©2001-2013 Judy (Pei-You) Chang